星島日報 – 營造師搶手人工高 被喻建築界總指揮

17 May 2022


香港有「石屎森林」之稱,所見之處離不開各式各樣的建築。而一幢建築物的落成,從構思設計、落地建設、後期維護等,都需要各方面的專業人士合力而為。香港營造師學會會長馮國強表示,營造師便是上述隊伍的「總指揮師」,須具備從建築、物流到法例等各方面的知識。他續指,料未來對專業營造師的需求旺盛,倡推進行業規範化。

提起建築界,可能多數人第一時間想到提供圖紙的建築設計師,或在前進行實地建設的工人,其實營造師亦在這一行充當着不可或缺的角色。馮國強接受訪問時表示,作為總指揮的營造師,需要負責從興建策劃、成本控制、施工安全、進度及質量監管,以至於機械科技運用和法規等各個方面的工作。

他將其統稱為與「人、事、物」的對接,人指人力資源,事指建設事宜,物則指物流。馮國強表示,營造師多是「百曉生」,對各類知識都好奇、有了解。而正因為營造師的工作涉及範圍甚廣,因此才需要推進這一行業的規範化,及營造師註冊制度。

學會考核及格率50%

與其他多數行業的註冊制度不同,香港營造師學會自2013年起決定採用以學會為本的註冊制度。馮國強表示,從建築相關專業畢業的本科生,積累4年相關工作經驗之後,便可申請加入學會。進入學會後,須再於行業內做足兩年,持續進修,然後才可申請成為註冊營造師。因此擁有相關學位的新人,至少需6年才可成功註冊。

提及加入學會的考核,馮國強指並不輕鬆,並透露歷年平均及格率約為50%。該考核主要通過面試審核候選人是否具備足夠的專業知識,馮國強亦補充,除專業知識外,候選人所展現出來對行業的好奇、興趣等亦可能納入考量。

值得注意的是,註冊營造師資格並非永久、長期有效,而是需要每年重新申請一次,註冊年度則由每年的4月1日至翌年的3月31日。馮國強解釋,因建築界的變化日新月異,營造師亦須與時俱進,且須證明當年仍在該界別內從事專業工作。


月薪6萬起步 須靈活變通


作為建築界「通才」的營造師,薪資水平亦羨煞旁人,馮國強指,專業營造師的起步月薪多為6萬元左右,薪資漲幅則尤其視乎個人表現和發展規劃。他表示,營造師可於承建商、顧問公司等多方任職,部分可位及公司高層,月薪六位數亦有可能。

馮國強亦建議行業人士及意欲入行的新人要擁有三大特質,即好奇心、溝通,和變通。他表示,營造師在工作中會和多個領域、界別之人士溝通合作,因此最好保持對事物的好奇,進而不斷學習相關知識;此外,要懂得靈活應變,方能將領導力發揮到極致。

談及行業未來需求,馮國強表示,學會預計業界仍需要額外多500名管理人才。根據建造業議會統計,2020年至2021年的工程量約為2250億至2759億元;而最新一份《施政報告》亦提及房屋及土地的發展策略,指未來十年發展北部都會區等。馮國強表示,香港建造業活力依舊,亦對專業人士有着旺盛的需求。

Important Notes:

  1. This is an online pre-registration only and the seat reserved will only be confirmed by an e-mail sent to the successful registrant in due course upon receipt of the registration fee.
  2. The talk will be conducted online via Zoom. Successful registrants will be notified separately via email with the meeting ID in due course to the online event . 
  3. Information collected, including name, phone number, email address and postal address, will only be used for the purpose of processing booking or general enquires related to HKICM, and will be treated in confidence and not be disclosed to any other party. 
  4. HKICM reserves the right of final decision and interpretation in the case of any dispute.

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Mr. Damon So

Partner in the Construction and Engineering Practice of the Hong Kong office of international law firm Hogan Lovells

– One of the few lawyers listed in the “Hall of Fame” (for Construction) of Legal 500, a leading legal directory in Hong Kong and recognised as a leading individual in various
authoritative legal directories.

– Qualified as a Chartered Civil and Structural Engineer

– Member of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (MHKIE) (Civil & Structural disciplines)

– Qualified as a solicitor

– Has undertaken a wide range of both contentious and non-contentious construction legal work in respect of both building and civil projects

– Including both pursuing and defending a number of professional negligence claims

– Acts as an arbitrator and has had substantial experience in other dispute resolution procedures including mediation

– HKMAAL Accredited Mediator and a Panel Mediator of HKIAC

– Has also spoken widely on topics relating to arbitration and construction legal issues. 

Dr Daron Leung

Dr. Daron LEUNG, Vice President of The Hong Kong Federation of Occupational Safety & Health Association, Immediate Past President of The Hong Kong Occupational Safety & Health  Association, Principal Consultant of Occupational Safety & Health & Environmental Consulting Associate Ltd.

Mr Joseph Chung

Joseph Chung is a Solicitor Advocate. He is also a registered foreign lawyer of the
Singapore International Commercial Court. He was previously a Barrister until he became a Solicitor in 2001. He is also a fellow member of the Chartered Institution of Civil Engineering Surveyors.

Joseph has extensive experience in all aspects of construction in both private and public sector work, advising developers, contractors, consultants and banks.

Over the years in his practice as a lawyer, he has been involved in many high profile construction projects, including the Hong Kong airport core project, the Express Rail Link and the Hong Kong-Macau-Zhuhui Bridge. He was involved in the Commission of Inquiry into Excess Lead found in Drinking Water in 2015/2016. He is recommended in the area of construction in the Asia Pacific Legal 500 (2014 – 2021 editions) and acknowledged as one of the leading lawyers in the area of construction in Chambers Asia Pacific (2014 – 2021 editions) and the exclusive winner of the “Construction” category in Hong Kong by the Client Choice Awards 2018 & 2021. He is also recognised as a Leading Construction & Infrastructure Litigation Lawyer (2020 – 2021) and a Leading Front End Construction, Infrastructure & Projects Lawyer (2020) by Doyle’s Guide Hong Kong.

Joseph is the co-author of the Hong Kong version of one of the leading UK construction text “Emden’s Construction Law in Hong Kong”.